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Why Does NEPA Take Light When It Rains In Nigeria? Here’s Why



Why Does NEPA Take Light When It Rains In Nigeria? Here's Why

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In Nigeria, power often goes out, especially when it rains. Many ask, “Why does NEPA take light when it rains in Nigeria?”

The answer isn’t simple. Nigeria’s electricity system has problems. From bad infrastructure to other issues, it struggles to stay reliable.

In this article, we’ll explain why power goes out during rain in Nigeria and why NEPA can’t keep the lights on.

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Why Does NEPA Take Light When It Rains In Nigeria? Here's Why 66

Electricity Situation in Nigeria:

Electricity Supply in Nigeria:
In Nigeria, electricity supply is a big problem. Many people don’t have power in their homes, and even those who do often experience frequent outages. This affects daily life, businesses, and the economy as a whole.

History of NEPA (Now Known as DISCOs):
NEPA, or the National Electric Power Authority, used to be in charge of electricity in Nigeria. Now, it’s called DISCOs, which stands for Distribution Companies. Their job is to distribute electricity to different parts of the country.

Role in Electricity Distribution:
NEPA, and now DISCOs, play a crucial role in getting electricity to people’s homes and businesses. They’re responsible for managing power distribution, ensuring that electricity reaches everyone who needs it.

Challenges in Nigeria’s Electricity Sector:

Inadequate Infrastructure:
One major problem in Nigeria’s electricity sector is the lack of proper infrastructure. Many areas don’t have access to electricity grids or suffer from outdated and poorly maintained equipment. This leads to frequent breakdowns and power outages.

Poor Maintenance Practices:
Another challenge is the poor maintenance practices within the electricity sector. Maintenance of power plants, transmission lines, and distribution networks is often neglected, leading to more frequent breakdowns and longer periods of power outages.

Insufficient Generation Capacity:
Nigeria also struggles with insufficient generation capacity. There aren’t enough power plants to meet the country’s growing demand for electricity. This results in rationing of electricity and frequent blackouts, especially during peak hours.

Impact of Rain on Electricity Infrastructure:

Flooding and Damage to Equipment:
One of the main impacts of rain on Nigeria’s electricity infrastructure is flooding. Heavy rains can lead to flooding in low-lying areas, affecting substations and electrical equipment. Floodwaters can damage transformers, switchgear, and other critical components, causing power outages.

Moisture Ingress and Electrical Faults:
Rainwater can also infiltrate electrical equipment, leading to moisture ingress and electrical faults. This can result in short circuits, insulation failures, and equipment malfunctions, further contributing to power outages and disruptions in electricity supply.

Vegetation Interference:
Additionally, rain can promote the growth of vegetation near power lines and substations. Overgrown trees and branches can come into contact with power lines during rainstorms, leading to electrical faults and outages. Vegetation management becomes crucial to maintaining reliable electricity supply during rainy weather.

Corrosion and Degradation:
Rainwater can also accelerate the corrosion and degradation of electrical infrastructure. Metal components such as power poles, transmission towers, and conductors are susceptible to rust and corrosion when exposed to moisture over time. This corrosion weakens the structural integrity of the infrastructure, increasing the risk of failures and outages.

Operational Challenges for DISCOs:
For DISCOs, rainy weather poses operational challenges in conducting maintenance and repair work. It becomes more difficult to access substations and power lines during heavy rains, delaying restoration efforts and prolonging power outages for affected communities.

Why Lights Go Out When It Rains:

Water Causes Problems:
When it rains, water can get into electrical stuff and cause problems. It messes up the insulation, which keeps electricity in its proper place. This can make electricity leak or take a shortcut, causing the power to go out.

Short Circuits Happen:
Water can also make electricity take shortcuts through wires, causing short circuits. This happens when electricity finds an easier path through water instead of following its normal route. It can overload circuits and make protective devices turn off the power.

Equipment Breaks Because of Water:
Rainwater can mess up electrical equipment by getting inside. Things like transformers and switches can stop working properly when they get wet, leading to power problems.

Tree Branches Can Be a Problem:
When it rains, trees can drop branches onto power lines. This can cause the lines to get overloaded and shut off the power to prevent damage.

Voltage Changes:
Rainy weather can make the voltage in power lines change. This can happen because moisture affects how well electricity flows through the wires. These changes can mess up equipment and make protective devices turn off the power.

Local Damage from Flooding:
In places where there’s a lot of rain, floods can happen. Floodwater can damage electrical stuff, like substations and equipment, causing big power outages until things get fixed.

What Can Be Done:
To stop lights from going out when it rains, power companies need to do things like check their equipment regularly, protect it from damage, and keep trees away from power lines. But even with all that, power outages during rainy weather are still a problem in Nigeria.

Operational Challenges Faced by DISCOs During Rain:

Hard to Fix Stuff in Rain:
When it rains, it’s tough for DISCOs to fix broken things. Rain makes it hard to get to substations and power lines, which slows down the process of fixing power problems.

Safety Concerns:
Working in the rain can be dangerous for DISCOs’ workers. Slippery roads and wet conditions increase the risk of accidents and injuries, making it harder for them to do their job.

Delays in Restoration Efforts:
Because of the rain and safety concerns, it takes longer for DISCOs to restore power during outages. They have to be extra careful when fixing things, which means it can take more time to get the power back on.

Prolonged Outages for Communities:
All these challenges mean that communities often have to wait longer for power to be restored during rainy weather. This can be frustrating for people who rely on electricity for their daily activities.

Need for Better Planning and Preparation:
To overcome these challenges, DISCOs need to plan ahead and be better prepared for rainy weather. This may involve investing in better equipment, training workers to work safely in wet conditions, and having backup plans in place for emergency situations.


In summary, power outages during rainy weather in Nigeria are a common issue due to problems with infrastructure, maintenance, and operational difficulties faced by DISCOs. Rain exacerbates these problems by causing damage to equipment and making repairs more challenging.

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I have a passion for blogging about what's trending in Hip-Hop, politics and entertainment. I'm a huge Hip-hop fan; my favorite artiste are Chris Brown, Jay'z & Beyonce. I also enjoy spending time with my team (#TeamWE), and working hard as hard work pays off.

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